Visiting Xich Dang temple of literature – symbol of cultural land

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Vietnamese people have a traditional fondness for learning. The tradition has been upheld via temples of literature across the country. Built years ago, Xich Dang temple of literature in the northern province of Hung Yen is one such example.

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About Xich Dang temple of literature

Following the construction of Quoc Tu Giam Temple of Literature in Hanoi in 1070, many temples of literature were built across the nation. Six still stand, of which, Xich Dang temple of literature in Hung Yen city, Hung Yen province is the second oldest, following Quoc Tu Giam Temple of Literature.

Located in the village of Xich Dang, Lam Son ward, Hung Yen city, the Temple of Literature Xich Dang is the most important relics at Pho Hien. Constructed in the late 17th century (around 1701) in Le dynasty and underwent some major restoration in 1839 (the 20th year of Minh Mang), the ancient architecture of Xich Dang Temple of Literature remains intact.

Xich Dang temple of literature was constructed in 1804. However, in 1839, the building was renovated with the current beautiful and large scale. Undergoing more than 200 years, its architecture remains intact.

Xich Dang temple of literature via Mapio.net

Covering 6,000 square metres, Xich Dang temple of literature consists of a three-door entrance gate and a crossroad where examinations were held to select talented scholars. An ancient bronze bell and a musical stone built in the 18th century are among precious artifacts that remain intact.

The main area of Xich Dang Temple of Literature was built based on the imperial palace’s architecture of Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945).

On the two sides of the yard, there are the bell tower and the worship sector. In particular, the bell tower is hanging a bronze bell casted in 1804, while in the worship sector, there is a stone plate built in 1803. The two hall ways connect the main hall, which was constructed following the “five templates” architecture, where the officials placed their hats and prepared the clothes for the Confucius ceremony. Now, this area served as exhibition about education and tourism.

Historical milestones

Nguyen Thi Hue​, a visitor from Hung Yen City Hung Yen Province, said: “Xich Dang Temple of Literature represents local people’s fondness for learning. Coming here, I pray to be successful in work and life”.

Xich Dang Temple of Literature is the place to worship Confucius – the founder of Confucianism. Moreover, the middle of the room is a place to worship Chu Van An, a talent and moral teacher of Tran Dynasty that ruled from 1225 to 1440, and known as the “the ancestor of Confucianism in Vietnam”.

Xich Dang temple of literature via Mapio.net

According to Le Van Tung, a visitor from Le Loi Commune, Hung Yen City, Hung Yen Province, There are nine stone steles preserved here. These steles were inscribed with the names of 161 talented scholars in the locality, manifesting the studious spirit of local people.

Bearing long-standing values of national history, Xich Dang Temple of Literature along with other works across the country have become a cultural symbol honouring the nation’s intellectual elite.

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